Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (5 points)
1. Anyone with half an eye on the unemployment figures knew that the assertion about economic recovery ________ just around the corner was untrue.
[A] would be
[B] to be
2. Smoking is so harmful to personal health that it kills ________ people each year than automobile accidents.
[A] seven more times
[B] seven times more
[C] over seven times（B）
[D] seven times
3. It’s easy to blame the decline of conversation on the pace of modern life and on the vague changes ________ place in our ever-changing world.
[B] to take
4. This is an exciting area of study, and one ________ which new applications are being discovered almost daily.
5. ________ can be seen from the comparison of these figures, the principle involves the active participation of the patient in the modification of his condition.
6. Although I had been invited to the opening ceremony, I was unable to attend ________ such short notice.
7. California has more light than it knows ________ to do with but everything else is expensive.
8. The solution works only for couples who are self-employed, don’t have small children and get along ________ to spend most of their time together.
[A] so well
[B] too well
[C] well as（D）
[D] well enough
9. Marlin is a young man of independent thinking who is not about ________ compliments to his political leaders.
[B] having paid
[C] to pay（C）
[D] to have paid
10. These proposals sought to place greater restrictions on the use and copying of digital information than ________ in traditional media.
[D] to exist
Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked [A], [B], [C], and [D]. Identify the part of the sentence that is incorrect and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (5 points)
11. Your math instructor would have been [A] happy to give you a makeup examination had you gone [B] and explained [C] that your parents had been [D] ill at the time.（[D] were）
12. As the children become financially [A] independent of [B] the family, the emphasis on [C] family financial security will shift from protection to save [D] for the retirement years.（[D] saving）
13. Were [A] the Times Co. to purchase another major media company, there is no doubt that it could [B] dramatically transform a family-ran [C] enterprise that still gets 90% of its [D] revenues from newspapers.（[C] family-run）
14. Symposium talks will cover a wide range [A] of subjects from [B] over-fishing to physical and environment [C] factors that affect the populations [D] of different species.（[C] environmental）
15. Conversation calls for a [A] willingness to alternate the role of speaker with one [B] of listener [C], and it calls for occasional ‘digestive pauses’ by [D] both.（[B] that）
16. If two theories are equal to [A] their ability to account for [B] a body of data, the theory that does so [C] with the smaller number of assumptions is to be preferred [D].（[A] in）
17. The Committee adopted a resolution requiring [A] the seven automakers selling [B] the most cars in the state making [C] 2 percent of those vehicles emissions-free [D] by 1998.（[C] to make）
18. As long as [A] poor people, who in general are colored, are in conflict with [B] richer people, who in general are lighter [C] skin [D], there’s going to be a constant racial conflict in the world.（[D] skinned）
19. All those left undone [A] may sound greatly [B] in theory, but even the trust believer [C] has great difficulty when [D] it comes to specifics.（[B] great）
20. Even if [A] automakers modify commercially produced cars to run on [B] alternative fuels [C], the cars won’t catch on in a big way when [D] drivers can fill them up at the gas station.（[D] until）
Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (10 points)
21. An important property of a scientific theory is its ability to ________ further research and further thinking about a particular topic.
22. Although architecture has artistic qualities, it must also satisfy a number of important practical ________.
23. Life insurance is financial protection for dependents against loss ________ the bread-winner’s death.
[A] at the cost of
[B] on the verge of
[C] as a result of（C）
[D] for the sake of
24. In education there should be a good ________ among the branches of knowledge that contribute to effective thinking and wise judgment.
25. The American dream is most ________ during the periods of productivity and wealth generated by American capitalism.
26. Poverty is not ________ in most cities although, perhaps because of the crowded conditions in certain areas, it is more visible there.
27. People who live in small towns often seem more friendly than those living in ________ populated areas.
28. As a way of ________ the mails while they were away, the Johnsons asked the cleaning lady to send little printed slips asking the senders to write again later.
[A] picking up
[B] coping with
[C] passing out（B）
[D] getting across
29. Tom’s mother tried hard to persuade him to ________ from his intention to invest his savings in stock market.
[A] pull out
[B] give up
[C] draw in（D）
[D] back down
30. An increasing proportion of our population, unable to live without advanced medical ________, will become progressively more reliant on expensive technology.
31. These causes produced the great change in the country that modernized the ________ of higher education from the mid-1860’s to the mid-1880’s.
32. Nobody yet knows how long and how seriously the ________ in the financial system will drag down the economy.
33. Crisis would be the right term to describe the ________ in many animal species.
34. The city is an important railroad ________ and industrial and convention center.
35. Prof. White, my respected tutor, frequently reminds me to ________ myself of every chance to improve my English.
36. Researchers discovered that plants infected with a virus give off a gas that ________ disease resistance in neighboring plants.
37. Corporations and labor unions have ________ great benefits upon their employees and members as well as upon the general public.
38. The movement of the moon conveniently provided the unit of month, which was ________ from one new moon to the next.
39. The judge ruled that the evidence was inadmissible on the grounds that it was ________ to the issue at hand.
40. Fuel scarcities and price increases ________ automobile designers to scale down the largest models and to develop completely new lines of small cars and trucks.
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