Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], B), [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets. (5 points)
1. The Social Security Retirement Program is made up of two trust funds, ________ could go penniless by next year.
[A] the larger one
[B] the larger of which
[C] the largest one（B）
[D] the largest of which
2. Nowhere in nature is aluminum found free, owing to its always ________ with other elements, most commonly with oxygen.
[B] having combined
[D] being combined
3. Andrew, my father’s younger brother, will not be at the picnic, ________ to the family’s disappointment.
[C] too much（A）
[D] much more
4. I would have gone to visit him in the hospital had it been at all possible, but I ________ fully occupied the whole of last week.
[B] had been
[C] have been（D）
5. Help will come from the UN, but the aid will be ________ near what’s needed.
6. The chief reason for the population growth isn’t so much a rise in birth rates ________ a fall in death rates as a result of improvements in medical care.
7. He claims to be an expert in astronomy, but in actual fact he is quite ignorant on the subject. ________ he knows about it is out of date and inaccurate.
[A] What little
[B] So much
[C] How much（A）
[D] So little
8. Although we feel dissatisfied with the election results, we have to become reconciled ________ the decision made by our fellow countrymen.
9. Just as the value of a telephone network increases with each new phone ________ to the system, so does the value of a computer system increase with each program that turns out.
[B] to have added
[C] to add（D）
10. The vocabulary and grammatical differences between British and American English are so trivial and few as hardly ________.
[B] to be noticed
[C] being noticed（B）
[D] to notice
Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Identify the part of the sentence that is incorrect and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets. (5 points)
A number of [A] foreign visitors were taken [B] to the industrial exhibition which [C] they saw [D] many new products.
Part [C] is wrong. The sentence should read, “A number of foreign visitors were taken to the industrial exhibition where they saw many new products.” So you should choose [C].
11. Although Professor Green’s lectures usually ran over [A] the fifty minute [B] period, but none [C] of his students even [D] objected as they found his lectures both informative and interesting.（C）
12. When [A] Edison died, it was proposed that the American people turned off [B] all power [C] in their homes, streets, and factories for several minutes in honor of [D] this great man.（B）
13. They pointed out [A] the damage which [B] they supposed that [C] had been done by last night’s [D] storm.（B）
14. Because of [A] the recent accidents, our parents forbid my brother and me from swimming [B] in the river unless [C] someone agrees to watch [D] over us.（B）
15. A great many [A] teachers firmly [B] believe that English is one of the poorest taught [C] subjects in high schools at present. [D]（C）
16. In this way these insects show an efficient use of their sound produced [A] ability, organizing [B] two sounds delivered [C] at a high rate as one call. [D]（A）
17. I thought the technician was to blame [A] for the blowing [B] of the fuse, but I see now how [C] I was [D] mistaken.（C）
18. For him to be re elected, [A] what is essential is not that his policy works, [B] but that [C] the public believe that it is. [D]（D）
19. As far as [A] I am concerned, his politics are [B] rather conservative compared [C] with other politicians. [D]（D）
20. I’d say whenever you are going [A] after something that is belonging [B] to you, anyone who is depriving [C] you of the right to have it is criminal. [D]（B）
Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], B), [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets. (10 points)
The lost car of the Lees was found ________ in the woods off the highway.
The sentence should read, “The lost car of the Lees was found abandoned in the woods off the highway.” Therefore, you should choose [C].
21. When workers are organized in trade unions, employers find it hard to lay them ________.
22. The wealth of a country should be measured ________ the health and happiness of its people as well as the material goods it can produce.
[A] in line with
[B] in terms of
[C] in regard with（B）
[D] by means of
23. He has failed me so many times that I no longer place any ________ on what he promises.
24. My students found the book ________: it provided them with an abundance of information on the subject.
25. Nobody yet knows how long and how seriously the shakiness in the financial system will ________ down the economy.
26. In this factory the machines are not regulated ________ but are jointly controlled by a central computer system.
27. Every chemical change either results from energy being used to produce the change, or causes energy to be ________ in some form.
[A] given off
[B] put out
[C] set off（A）
[D] used up
28. If businessmen are taxed too much, they will no longer be motivated to work hard, with the result that incomes from taxation might actually ________.
29. American companies are evolving from mass-production manufacturing to ________ enterprises.
30. If you know what the trouble is, why don’t you help them to ________ the situation?
31. I can’t ________ what has happened to the vegetables, for they were freshly picked this morning.
[A] figure out
[B] draw out
[C] look out（A）
[D] work out
32. I tried very hard to persuade him to join our group but I met with a flat ________.
33. From this material we can ________ hundreds of what you may call direct products.
34. She had clearly no ________ of doing any work, although she was very well paid.
35. What seems confusing or fragmented at first might well become ________ a third time.
[A] clean and measurable
[B] notable and systematic
[C] pure and wholesome（D）
[D] clear and organic
36. The public opinion was that the time was not ________ for the election of such a radical candidate as Mr. Jones.
37. Hudson said he could not kill a living thing except for the ________ of hunger.
38. For the new country to survive, ________ for its people to enjoy prosperity, new economic policies will be required.
[A] to name a few
[B] let alone
[C] not to speak（B）
[D] let’s say
39. Foreign disinvestment and the ________ of South Africa from world capital markets after 1985 further weakened its economy.
40. When a number of people ________ together in a conversational knot, each individual expresses his position in the group by where he stands.
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